How To Prepare For Heavy Haulage: A Guide For Truck Drivers

Posted on: 11 June 2020

Are you a heavy haulage driver? Adequate preparation will help you avoid catastrophic problems on the road. Below is a step by step guide on how to prepare for heavy haulage. 

Personal Preparation

Heavy haulage is a taxing job. As such, heavy haulage truck drivers must take good care of themselves. Have adequate sleep to ensure you are relaxed as you drive. If you have pre-existing conditions, carry adequate medical supplies. For long drives, take a dog to keep you company on the road. A walkie-talkie will keep you connected with other drivers on the road. Besides, do not forget to carry emergency supplies such as water, canned food or snacks, a torch, painkillers and a phone charger. Have emergency contacts to ambulance services, mechanics, the fire department and local police.

Truck Inspection

Preferably, service the truck before long trips. Conduct preventive maintenance such as changing the air filter, cleaning the fuel pump and filter and replacing worn-out tires. Below are tips to help you inspect your truck. 

  • Check the engine oil, transmission fluid and coolant levels.
  • Test the functionality of the truck's braking system. Examine the air brakes for signs of leakage.
  • Check the trailer's connecting components. In addition, inspect the frame for cracks and bends.
  • The electrical components should be fully functional. These include the lights, air conditioning and the various fuses on the truck.
  • If the truck has a crane, inspect the hydraulic system for leaks.


The type of load, your route and destination will determine what kind of permits you need. For instance, when transporting an oversized load, you will require a licence from the state government to use the various roads. Contact the police to provide escort services when driving through busy towns. A permit is required if your client lives in aboriginal land.

Road Conditions

Conduct some due diligence to know the road conditions. Your clients and other drivers can be a vital source of this information. For instance, you should be concerned about rainy weather when driving through untarmacked roads. Besides, you may be prohibited from using roads that are under construction. You may want to avoid roads with sharp corners or inclines when transporting an oversized load.  

Create a transport plan detailing the route you will use, where you will stop for accommodation and where you will refuel the vehicle. Leave the plan at your office. It will help your staff or family locate you in case of an accident.

Contact a company that offers heavy haulage services to learn more.